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职业适应能力的结构模型

时间:2020-07-31 17:26来源:毕业论文
职业适应能力,是个体能够顺应职业环境的变化,解决职业发展中的现实问题所需具备的一系列特殊能力,包括组织融合能力、工作沟通能力、学习发展能力、情绪调节能力和职业转化

摘要:职业适应能力,是个体能够顺应职业环境的变化,解决职业发展中的现实问题所需具备的一系列特殊能力,包括组织融合能力、工作沟通能力、学习发展能力、情绪调节能力和职业转化能力五个方面,它是衡量一个人职业发展状况最重要的心理学参数。在经济结构转型困难、职业选择机会有限而竞争激烈的条件下,个体的职业适应能力如何,不但关乎个人与家庭幸福,也关乎企业发展。鉴于目前学界对职业适应能力的构念并不适合中国企业员工,而且相关研究成果较少,因此,本研究采用质性研究方法,通过对68名员工的结构式访谈和开放式问卷调查,采用内容分析方法,围绕着”企业员工职业发展中面临的主要问题”,以及“解决这些问题需要哪些能力”两个问题,对研究对象的原始陈述编码整理成类目,然后再抽象概括成主题,最后得出职业适应能力的五维度构念结构,进而编制出企业员工职业适应能力的本土化测量工具,并对量表的建构效度进行了检验。53128

毕业论文关键词:职业适应能力;职业生涯;职业适应能力的结构模型

Abstract:Professional adaptabilities are the theries of specific abilities of a employee to solve the main practical problems derived from the process of the career development, namely, the ability of integrating into corporate, the ability of communicating with job-related persons, the ability of learning for professional advances, the ability of regulating one’s emotions, and the ability of transforming one’s careers.The professional adaptabilities are the very important psychological Indices which reflect one’s career development situations under the conditions of hard times and fierce competitions.In view of the popular used concept of career adaptabilities , are inappropriate for employees from Chinese enterprises, and the research in the field, is rather weak and unsystematic. this thesis,68 participants were recruited in a structured interview or an open questionnaire survey, to answer the following two questions, “what are the main problems faced in the employee’ career development?”, and “what abilities do they need to solve these problems?” All the original statements of the participants were coded into categories, and then all the categories were abstracted and generalized into the themes, finally it is constructed into five dimensions of professional adaptabilities, then develop a measuring instrument of professional adaptabilities and construct validity of the scale were successively tested.

Keywords: professional abilities, career development, structure model of  professional abilities

目录

1前言4

2研究方法6

2.1研究对象7

2.2研究工具7

2.3研究过程7

3结果与分析8

3.1 “企业员工职业发展所面临的主要问题”的反应类目与主题8

3.2 “解决职业发展任务所需要的能力”的反应类目与主题9

3.3 企业员工职业适应能力自陈量表结构模型检验10

4 讨论14

4.1 “职业适应能力”与“生涯适应力”构念建构的差异14

4.2 职业适应能力的构念维度及其关系15

5 结论16

参考文献17

致谢18

附录1 企业员工访谈提纲19

附录2 企业员工开放式调查问卷20

附录3 企业员工职业适应能力施测量表21

1 前言

据英国网站Brand Channel 5月28日报道,曾作为苹果产品主要代工厂的富士康公司近几个月一直受到员工自杀事件的负面影响。受其影响,苹果公司决定将i Phone 4S和i Phone Mini的代工业务转交给富士康台湾的竞争对手——和硕联合科技完成,并将部分制造业务移至美国本土以缓解其国内就业压力。 职业适应能力的结构模型:http://www.lwfree.com/jiaoxue/lunwen_57190.html

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