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智能交通系统-智能停车场的设计与模拟实现

时间:2019-03-17 20:49来源:毕业论文
结合RFID技术以及传感器技术的智能停车场,配合对于ZigBee的简单研究,模拟实现了智能停车场的部分功能。研究设计过程中,选取了较受大众关注的停车场管理子系统,从创新创造出发

摘  要:  本文主要研究了目前智能交通的发展情况、应用范围。具体介绍了智能交通领域内相关的基础技术理论和相关实际应用。为了更好地管理停车,有效提高智能化、减少人力成本,迎合市场发展需求,设计了结合RFID技术以及传感器技术的智能停车场,配合对于ZigBee的简单研究,模拟实现了智能停车场的部分功能。研究设计过程中,选取了较受大众关注的停车场管理子系统,从创新创造出发,认真研究具体需求和执行方案,构建停车场场景。合理利用资源,充分结合软件环境搭建和硬件动手操作。利用实验箱,多个传感器,RFID识读卡在具体不同类型的软件操作下,通过串口通信工具,完成了数据呈现,达到了实验目的,完成了初步预期。能够有效判断车位情况,检测停车场温湿度,定位追踪入库车辆位置,出入库时车牌自动识别。这些设计成果都为能够在真实环境中的应用提供了实验雏形,提供理论支持,具有可操作性,富有现实意义。符合智能停车场新一步的发展趋势,同时也是智能交通领域的关键环节。33858
毕业论文关键词:智能交通;停车场管理;传感器;RFID
 The Design and Simulation Implementation of Intelligent Transportation System- Intelligent Parking Lot
Abstract: This paper mainly studies about the development of intelligent transportation and its range of application. It also focus on the basic related technology and gives a clear explanation such as ZigBee and RFID. In order to intelligentize the parking progress and reduce the human cost which are cater to the market development needs in the future, I design the Intelligent parking lot combined with the technology about sensor and RFID, plus the simple research on Z-Stack protocol and ZigBee technology. At last I achieve a simulation realization of parking lot especially on some key functions. In the process of research, from the perspective of innovation, I study the specific requirements and implementation scheme. Bulid software environment and hands-on the hardware part. I take a good use of the experiment box and different kinds of sensors. A serial port communication tools plays a vital role in the last step of the whole design and so we can show the results on the screen. The system can judge the parking space effectively and detect the real-time temperature and humidity. The car inbound speed can also be recorded. Last but not least, it has automatic identification of vehicle when in or out. All these above provide the experimental prototype for the actual situation using and give them theoretical support. It has a realistic significance and operability.
Keywords: Intelligent transportation;Parking lot management;Sensor;RFID
目  录
第1章  绪论    1
1.1 论文研究的背景和意义    1
1.2 智能交通系统的介绍    1
1.2.1 智能交通系统总体介绍    1
1.2.2 智能交通系统的分类    2
1.2.3 智能交通与物联网    2
1.3 智能交通系统的现状及发展    4
1.3.1 国内现状及发展趋势    4
1.3.2 国际现状及发展趋势    4
1.4 论文的研究内容及组织安排    5
第2章  智能交通系统相关技术基础    6
2.1 ZIGBEE    6
2.1.1 ZigBee简介    6
2.1.2 无线数据传输    6
2.1.3    ZigBee在智能交通中的设计应用    6
2.1.3.1停车场短信寻车系统    6
2.1.3.2    区域性ZigBee停车诱导    7
2.2 RFID    8
2.2.1 RFID简介    8
2.2.2 RFID与条形码系统的区别    9 智能交通系统-智能停车场的设计与模拟实现:http://www.lwfree.com/jisuanji/lunwen_31153.html
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