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MATLAB阻尼可调式汽车悬挂控制策略分析及仿真

时间:2020-06-22 19:47来源:毕业论文
悬架系统主要由弹簧、减振器和导向机构三大部分组成,是连接车身、车架和车轮之间的一个结构系统,其作用是传递作用在车轮和车架之间的力和力扭,并且缓冲由不平路面传给车架或

摘要悬架是现代汽车上的重要总成之一。悬架系统主要由弹簧、减振器和导向机构三大部分组成,是连接车身、车架和车轮之间的一个结构系统,其作用是传递作用在车轮和车架之间的力和力扭,并且缓冲由不平路面传给车架或车身的冲击力,并衰减由此引起的震动,以保证汽车能平顺地行驶 。51502

本论文首先阐述了悬架系统定义、国内外发展现状以及当前悬架类型。然后分别对悬架系统的非独立、独立型、半主动以及主动4种悬架类型进行分别介绍,分析当前应用4种悬架的优点和缺点,并从中选出本次分析与仿真的悬架类型:半主动悬架。接着搜集当前阻尼可调式汽车悬架的控制策略:模糊控制、自适应控制、神经网络控制、PID控制、最优控制、滑模变结构控制、天棚阻尼控制等,并对这些控制策略进行介绍与分析,选出本次分析仿真所需的控制策略:PID控制策略和天棚阻尼控制策略。随后论文对PID控制及天棚阻尼控制策略下的半主动控制悬架进行数学建模,设定相关初始条件和数据。论文还对这次仿真与分析实验所需的软件MATLAB/simulate进行了介绍。接着用MATLAB软件建立汽车动力学的simulate仿真框图,并输入相关数据进行仿真模拟。最后对两种控制策略下的半主动悬架控制优缺点进行分析并提出改进意见,对汽车悬架控制策略未来的发展方向进行了展望。

毕业论文关键词:汽车悬架;控制策略;MATLAB/simulate软件;仿真与分析

 Abstract  Suspension is a modern car is one of the important assembly . Suspension system refers to a connection the structure of the system between body, frame and wheels , mainly composed by the springs, shock absorbers and guiding mechanism  of three parts, whose role is to pass the force and force twisted acting on the wheel and the frame , and  buffer impact which the uneven surface pass to the frame or body , and attenuation the resulting vibration to ensure the car can travel smoothly.

     This paper first describes the suspension system definition, development status at home and abroad as well as current suspension type. Then the suspension system of non-independent suspension, Independent suspension, semi-active suspension and active suspension four kinds of suspension types were introduced, analyzed four kinds of advantages and disadvantages of the suspension of the current application; choose this analysis simulation suspension type: semi-active suspension system. Then collect the control strategies the of current damping adjustable vehicle suspension : fuzzy control, adaptive control, neural network control, PID control, optimal control, sliding mode variable structure control, skyhook control, etc., and these control strategies are introduced and analysis; select the required analysis and simulation of this control strategy: PID control strategy and skyhook control strategy. Subsequently thesis put PID control and skyhook control strategy under the control of semi-active suspension for mathematical modeling, and data set related to the initial conditions. This paper also introduced the required for the experiment simulation and analysis software MATLAB / simulink . Then using MATLAB software to establish simulate vehicle dynamics simulation block diagram and enter the relevant data simulation. Finally, the article analyzes the two control strategies under the semi-active suspension control strengths and weaknesses and suggest improvements, vehicle suspension control strategy for the future were discussed.

Keywords: Adjustable suspension control strategy, MATLAB; simulation and analysis

目录

第一章  绪 论 1

1.1 汽车的悬架来源以及重要作用说明 1

1.2 悬架用途以及悬架在各个方面指标 MATLAB阻尼可调式汽车悬挂控制策略分析及仿真:http://www.lwfree.com/jixie/lunwen_55142.html

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