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中日初中数学内容比较研究以《圆》为例

时间:2020-05-22 21:55来源:毕业论文
从例题和习题来看,浙教版和人教版中的习题题量和难度明显多于日本教材。人教版教材在课后习题和章复习中题目分层清晰;浙教版教材注重学习者习性将纯文字、符号语言的题设抽

摘要本文就《圆》知识点将人民教育出版社、浙江教育出版社和日本东京出版的《新数学》教材进行比较研究。通过不同的角度,在整体结构、具体内容编排、知识呈现方式、知识背景以及习题这五个模块上分析三种教材所表现出的不同的特点。49363

从整体结构上看,人教版和浙教版在章末复习题之前还安排了相应章的知识小结,而日本教材的章末只设计了章复习题。

从教材具体编写来看,人教版的知识点划分最为精细、内容最为丰富,浙教版其次,日本教材相关知识点较少,划分也较为简略。人教版教材知识点由浅入深层层推进;浙教版教材相较于人教版,知识点间缺乏紧密,以知识块形式推进;日版教材内容综合能够突出重点。

从知识呈现方式来看,知识表征和知识运用中日教材基本一致,人教版教材注重对旧知识的回顾;浙教版注重新知识的应用;日版教材注重从情境中抽象新知识。

从知识背景来看,两国教材的知识背景多数为数学背景,但日本教材涉及的背景面多于中国教材;

从例题和习题来看,浙教版和人教版中的习题题量和难度明显多于日本教材。人教版教材在课后习题和章复习中题目分层清晰;浙教版教材注重学习者习性将纯文字、符号语言的题设抽象出几何图形;日本教材注重基础性知识的掌握。

毕业论文关键词:人教版;浙教版;新数学;圆;比较研究

 Abstract Paper chooses math of People's Education Press, Zhejiang Education Press and New math of Tokyo Press for the study of circle and Japan junior high school geometry textbook for the study of mathematics. The paper compares three textbooks in the following aspects, including overall structure, specific content, knowledge presentation, background knowledge, examples.

From the overall structure, at the end of chapter, PEP and ZEP have knowledge summary of the content. But JP only has exercise.

From the specific content, PEP pides knowledge is more delicate and rich than ZEP, the TP is lest. PEP has rich teaching material and progresses step by step. ZEP progresses in knowledge-mass. JP is comprehensive and highlight the key content of teaching materials.

From the point of view of knowledge, knowledge presentation and application of knowledge remains the same. PEP attaches importance to review the old knowledge; JP imported more attention to applies knowledge; JP pay more attention to the abstract new knowledge from the situation.

From the knowledge background, Chinese and Japanese textbooks describes the background knowledge most of mathematical background. But Chinese involves more backgrounds than Japanese textbooks.

From the examples, the number of examples and difficulty in Chinese textbook are more than Japanese. PEP has distinctive nuance not only in single class but also in element. ZEP expects students can abstract the pure text, symbolic language to geometry. JP pay attention to the based knowledge.

Keyword: Junior High School Mathematic; China and Japan textbook; New math; circle; comparative study

目    录

引 言 5

一、 整体结构比较 6

二、 教材的具体内容比较 7

(一)教材具体框架和知识点比较 7

(二)知识结构呈现方式比较 10

(三)知识背景比较 12

三、例题与练习题的比较 13

(一)例题与习题数量和类型的比较 中日初中数学内容比较研究以《圆》为例:http://www.lwfree.com/shuxue/lunwen_52328.html

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