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初中物理教学通过演示实验开展探究性教学研究

时间:2020-01-19 16:44来源:毕业论文
新课程标准对学生的物理实验能力提出了更高的要求;学校也为学生提供了更好的实验环境;物理课程设置中增加了实验课时量;学生可以有充足的时间进行物理实验

摘要物理学是以实验为基础的一门学科,而且在初中物理教学中,物理实验教学占用重要的地位。探究性教学是让学生亲自经历科学探究的过程,让学生参与解决问题、参与决策、参与小组讨论、参与评价过程,将从课堂学到的知识同时从其他渠道获得的知识联系起来,并将所学的知识应用到新的问题中去。同时,新课程标准对学生的物理实验能力提出了更高的要求;学校也为学生提供了更好的实验环境;物理课程设置中增加了实验课时量;学生可以有充足的时间进行物理实验。44256

本文就通过演示实验开展探究性教学研究展开了理论与实践的探索。通过演示实验引导学生进行物理学习,激发学习学习物理的兴趣,在教学过程中引导学生开展探究式学习。本论文包括几个部分,本论文包括5部分内容,第一部分主要说明了课题提出的背景,以及国内外在探究性教学和演示实验方面的研究成果,并介绍了本论文的的研究方法。第二部分主要介绍中学物理探究性实验教学的理论依据。首先从教育学、心理学两方面提出探究性实验教学的理论基础,然后阐明探究性物理实验教学的原则和特点。最后阐明初中物理演示实验的相关理论。第三部分主要叙述如何在演示实验中突出探究性教学特征。可增强实验效果,引发学生自主思考;还可以改进教学方式让学生参与实验;还可以自制教具提升实验效果等。第四部分对中学物理探究性实验教学状况进行了调查,并深入对演示实验开展探究教学进行了较为详尽、深入的剖析。第五部分,对于演示实验开展探究教学的教学手段进行研究总结,归纳演示实验开展探究教学对学生学习兴趣,观察能力,学业成绩的影响。

Abstract:Physics is a subject based on experiment, but in the junior middle school physics teaching, physics experiment teaching occupies an important position. Inquiry teaching is to let students experience the process of scientific inquiry, let the students participate in problem solving, participation in decision-making, participate in group discussions, to participate in the evaluation process, from the classroom knowledge at the same time from the other channels to obtain the knowledge together, and apply the learned knowledge to new problems. At the same time, put forward higher requirements of new curriculum standard of physics experiment ability of the students; the school also provides the experimental environment for students to better increase the amount of physical experimental teaching; curriculum; students can have sufficient time for physical experiment.

In this paper, the theory and the practice exploration on the experiment inquiry teaching research. Through the demonstration of the guide students in physics learning, stimulate students interest in learning physics, and guide students in the teaching process to carry out inquiry learning. This thesis includes several parts, this dissertation consists of 5 parts, the first part mainly explains the background of this topic, domestic and international research achievements of teaching and experiment, and introduces the research method of this thesis. The second part mainly introduces the theoretical basis of exploratory experiment teaching in middle school physics. First put forward the theoretical basis of inquiry experiment teaching from two aspects: education and psychology, and then expound the principles and the characteristics of inquiry physics experiment teaching. Finally expounds the related theory of junior high school physics demonstration experiment. The third part mainly describes how to highlight the characteristics of the inquiry teaching in experiment. Can enhance the experimental effect, lead students to think independently; can also improve teaching methods to enable students to participate in the experiment; also can improve the effect of self-made teaching aids. The fourth part of the high school physics inquiry experiment teaching status of the investigation, and the in-depth demonstration experiment inquiry teaching carried out detailed analysis, in-depth. The fifth part, the demonstration experiment inquiry teaching method carries on the summary, summarized the inquiry teaching on the students' interest in learning, the ability of observation experiment, academic influence. 初中物理教学通过演示实验开展探究性教学研究:http://www.lwfree.com/wuli/lunwen_45485.html

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