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论英汉互译中被动句的翻译

时间:2018-11-18 20:03来源:英语论文
On the Translation of Passive Voice Between the Inter-translation of Chinese and English英语论文论英汉互译中被动句的翻译

摘 要英汉互译中被动句的翻译是学术界整个翻译研究工作的一部分,为了达到中西方跨文化交流的顺利进行,深入研究被动句的翻译问题是极为重要的。本文从跨文化传播方面对汉语被动句和英语被动句的差异进行了比较和分析,探讨了奈达、劳伦斯•韦努蒂和皮特•纽马克的翻译理论对被动句翻译的启示,重点阐述了异化,归化,直译,意译和文化对等翻译方法在被动句翻译中的使用。本文旨在为被动句的翻译提供一些指导,以便人们更准确地实现英汉两种语言间被动句的转换。30354
毕业论文关键字: 被动句的翻译;英汉互译;差异;方法与技巧
Abstract The translation of passive voice between the inter-translation of Chinese and English is a part of the whole study of translation in academic field. In order to achieve the success of the cross-cultural communication between Chinese and English, the deep research of the translation of passive voice is extremely important. The paper pays stress on the comparison and analysis of the differences between Chinese and English in terms of cross-cultural communication and probes into the revelation from Nida and Lawrence Venuti’s theories on the translation of passive voice. It emphatically elaborates the usage of translation methods in the translation of passive voice, such as foreignization, domestication, free translation, literal translation, and cultural reappearance. The paper aims to provide guidance for the translation of passive voice, and to accurately realize the transformation of passive voice between Chinese and English.
Key words: the translation of passive voice; inter-translation between Chinese and English; differences; translation methods and techniques;
Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
I. Introduction    1
II. The Comparison of Passive Voice Between Chinese and English    2
2.1 Passive Voice    3
2.1.1 The Definition of Passive Voice    3
2.1.2 The Presentation of Passive Voice in Chinese and in English    3
2.2 Comparison    4
2.2.1 Similarity    4
2.2.2 Differences    4
2.3 Analysis on Causes of Differences and the Influence on the Translation of Passive Voice    5
2.3.1 Analysis on the Causes of Differences    5
2.3.2 The Influence    6
III. Relevant Translation Theories on the Translation of Passive Voice    7
3.1 Language Universality    7
3.2 Theory of Lawrence Venuti    8
3.3 Theory of Newmark    8
IV. Translation Principles of the Translation of Passive Voice    9
4.1 Domestication and Foreignization    10
4.2 Free Translation and Literal Translation    12
4.3 Cultural Equivalence    14
V. Conclusion    16
Bibliography    18
Acknowledgements    19
On the Translation of Passive Voice Between the Inter-translation of Chinese and English
I. Introduction
Passive voice is an indispensable voice in the process of English learning, in the use of our language and in our daily communication. As a characteristic of Chinese sentence, passive voice has been paid high attention to by a great number of linguistics and translators in China. The study of the inter-translation of passive voice is one of the fundamental parts in language study. Not only can it deepen the cognition of the translation of passive voice, the employment of passive voice in the process of cross-cultural translation, the development of the cross-cultural translation cause, but also strengthen the mutual understanding of the thinking modes of Chinese and the western and the transmission of culture between Chinese and English. Many obstacles have been encountered in the inter-translation of passive voice, which are caused by the various forms of passive voice, distinctive cultures and lack of guiding translation principles and translation methods. Even though there are a few specific studies on the differences of passive voice between Chinese and English, and the research on the translation of passive voice have been carried out for so many years, they are still comparatively narrow. 论英汉互译中被动句的翻译:http://www.lwfree.com/yingyu/lunwen_26021.html
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