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《了不起的盖茨比》中菲茨杰拉德复杂的女性观

时间:2020-06-26 08:46来源:英语论文
Fitzgerald’s Complicated Female Concept in The Great Gatsby,英语论文《了不起的盖茨比》中菲茨杰拉德复杂的女性观

Fitzgerald’s Complicated Female Concept in The Great Gatsby Abstract The Great Gatsby is considered as Fitzgerald’s greatest masterpiece by some people. The images of female characters Fitzgerald shaped are of importance to reveal the theme. At the same time, the images of female characters indicate Fitzgerald’s complicated female concept, which is often researched by literary critics. However, many literary critics analyze the female concept in the aspect of Fitzgerald’s patriarchal ideology. There are few studies discussing the Fitzgerald’s appreciation of the flapper. Moreover, most studies fail to attach importance to Fitzgerald’s family education and the social background which contribute to his complicated female concept largely. Therefore, this paper makes a research on the 1920s---the Jazz Age besides Fitzgerald’s female view. Studying Fitzgerald’s complicated female concept is not only helpful for us to learn Fitzgerald’s inner world but also useful in further studying of other plays in that period.51626
This paper makes a research on Fitzgerald’s female concept and tries to explain the reason why he holds such a complicated view to women. Through an analysis of the female characters and an analysis of the background, it is clear that Fitzgerald’s attitude towards female is very ambivalent: he fixes an extreme distrust of “golden girl”—a distrust which named fear—with a deep sympathy on them at the same time. From the analysis of women characters in the novel, this point is obvious.
Key words: female concept; patriarchal ideology; Jazz Age
《了不起的盖茨比》中菲茨杰拉德复杂的女性观
摘要《了不起的盖茨比》是菲茨杰拉德的杰出的作品之一。这部小说中,菲茨杰拉德塑造了一个个鲜活的女性形象,表达了小说主题的同时,他的复杂女性观体现地淋漓尽致。文学研究者经常通过研究小说中的女性角色,从而研究作者的女性观。在分析菲茨杰拉德的复杂的女性观的原因时,文学研究者大多都考虑到了菲茨杰拉德父权意识,但是大部分研究者忽视菲茨杰拉德的家庭教育和所处社会背景对他女性观形成的影响,或有提到,也是几笔带过。所以这篇文章除了研究菲茨杰拉德的女性观,还对菲茨杰拉德所处的20世纪20年代——爵士时代做了研究。研究菲茨杰拉德的复杂女性观,不仅有利于我们探究菲茨杰拉德的内心世界,也有助于进一步研究同期的文学。
通过分析《了不起的盖茨比》小说中女性角色, 我们明显可以看出,菲茨杰拉德对女性的态度很矛盾:他既批判“新潮女郎”的道德沦陷,恐惧其带来的毁灭性影响,但又对同她们抱有深切的同情。
毕业论文关键词:女性观;父权主义;爵士时代
Contents
1. Introduction    4
1.1 Fitzgerald and The Great Gatsby    4
1.2 A Survey of Fitzgerald Studies    4
1.3 The Organization of this Thesis    5
2. Female Images    6
2.1 Attractive Appearance    6
2.2 Money-oriented    6
2.3 Moral Decadence    7
2.3.1 Irresponsibility    7
2.3.2 Dishonesty    7
2.3.2 Snobbery    8
3. Fitzgerald’s Patriarchal Ideology    8
3.1 The Setting of “A Man’s Book”    8
3.2 Subordinated to Men    9
4. The Causes of His Female Concept    10
4.1 Social Background    10
4.1.1 Economic Boom    10
4.1.2 The Communication Revolution    11
4.1.3 New Ideas in Philosophy    11
4.2 Fitzgerald’s Experience    12 《了不起的盖茨比》中菲茨杰拉德复杂的女性观:http://www.lwfree.com/yingyu/lunwen_55335.html
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