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从雾都孤儿的南希角色分析中看狄更斯反犹主义思想

时间:2020-06-26 09:22来源:英语论文
A Study of Dickens' Antisemitism in Oliver Twist Based on the Analysis of the Descriptions of Nancy,英语论文从雾都孤儿的南希角色分析中看狄更斯反犹主义思想

A study of Dickens' Antisemitism in Oliver Twist based on the analysis of the descriptions of Nancy Abstract Charles Dickens is one of eminent realistic writers in the history of British literature. His works reveal the life experience of the "little people" living in the bottom of British society, reflect complicated social reality at that time, and make a great contribution to the development of the British critical realism literature. Oliver Twist, as Dickens’ first social novel, is deemed as a masterpiece criticizing social realism. However, the novel has its limitation in his racial discrimination. Rereading a book cannot be separated from the social context in which the work was created. The influence of antisemitism was widely spread in Europe in the 19th century. A great number of writers at the time were affected by antisemitism more or less. Therefore, in their works Jews have been roots of evil. Jews play roles of evildoers, which seems unconscionable today. And Oliver Twist, as a result of the influence and restriction of the social context, has the tendency inevitably. In this respect, in the creation of this novel, Dickens didn’t reflect actual life seriously. In the novel, archetypal Jewish image is named Fagin who was the leader of a criminal gang in London slum. But the most cruel criminal was not Fagin but Sikes. Dickens depicted Fagin in a more disdainful tone and uglified him. And another important female Jew in the gang still had conscience and helped Oliver many times. But Dickens didn’t give the poor girl a bright future and used hateful words to depict her. In the sharp contrast with a Christian girl Rose, Dickens’ racial discrimination can be observed easily. The researches of Dickens’ antisemitism are in abundance. Objects of these researches conducted by most scholars are Fagin. Little attention is paid to Nancy who moved the story along. The thesis will focus on the character Nancy, and study Dickens’ antisemitism from a different perspective.51645
Key word: Dickens; Oliver Twist; Antisemitism; Nancy
 从雾都孤儿的南希角色分析中看狄更斯反犹主义思想
摘要查尔斯•狄更斯作为英国文学史上杰出的现实主义作家之一,他的作品揭示了社会底层各种小人物的生活,揭露了当时复杂的社会现实。《雾都孤儿》作为狄更斯的第一本社会小说更是被认为批判社会现实主义的杰作。但是最文本的解读都无法脱离其社会背景。维多利亚时代的由于反犹主义思潮的影响,当时的很多作家的作品中都或多或少地出现了反犹主义的倾向。这种现象在作品中主要表现为把犹太人当做罪恶的源头,在作品扮演了各种恶人的角色。《雾都孤儿》受到当时的社会环境影响和制约,无可避免地带上了当时的社会存在的问题。从这点上来说,这本小说的创作上,狄更斯没有完全遵照当时的社会现实。这也这本小说的局限性所在。这本小说中最重要的犯罪团伙是由犹太人费金领导的,但是最凶恶的罪犯却不是他,但是狄更斯在描写这位犹太人时却刻意丑化他。还有另外一位犹太女性南希也是这个团伙中的一员,作为一位良心未泯的女孩,却没有一个的好结局,对她狄更斯也是极尽刻薄恶毒的语言,尤其是可以在把南希和一位基督徒女孩罗斯的强烈的对比中看出,狄更斯对于犹太人的态度。对于狄更斯反犹主义的研究数不胜数,但是大多学者以费金这个角色为研究对象。本文主要就是围绕南希这个角色,不同于以往的研究以一个不同的视角来分析狄更斯的反犹主义倾向。 
毕业论文关键词:狄更斯;雾都孤儿;反犹主义;南希
Content
1. Introduction    1
1.1 A brief introduction to Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist    1
1.2 Background of the study    1
1.3 Significance of the study    2 从雾都孤儿的南希角色分析中看狄更斯反犹主义思想:http://www.lwfree.com/yingyu/lunwen_55357.html
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