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语言经济原则在英语语音中的运用及影响

时间:2020-11-12 11:48来源:英语论文
Applications and Effects of Language Economy Principle in English Phonetics,英语论文语言经济原则在英语语音中的运用及影响

AbstractIn the era dominated by knowledge and economy, concise languageenjoys greater and greater popularity among people. Language economyprinciple is the fundamental rule guiding this phenomenon. This thesisattempts to probe into the applications and effects of language economyprinciple in English phonetics. Based on analyzing some phonetic materials,it is found that the economical principle is realized mainly through soundomission and linking, which have both good and side effects. For nativespeakers, the elliptical rules in phonetics render communicative activitiesmore effective, but bring second language learners many troubles, especiallyin the aspects of listening and speaking. Some solutions to its disadvantageswill also be put forward to deepen people’s cognition, facilitate secondlanguage acquisition, and finally promote cultural exchange at home andabroad.59443
Key words: language economy principle; English phonetics; applications;effects
摘要在以知识、经济为主导的时代背景下,言简意赅的语言越来越受到人们亲睐。语言经济原则是导致这一现象发生的根本原因。 本文旨在探讨语言经济原则在英语语音中的运用及影响。基于对一些语料的分析,在语音中,语言经济原则主要通过省音和连音这两种方式体现出来。这些省略规则有利有弊。其使得本土人的交际活动更加高效的同时,也给第二外语学习者带来了诸多听说困扰。针对其带来的不利影响,本文提出了一些切实可行的解决方法。从而,加深人们对语言经济原则的认知,助益于二语习得,促进中外文化交流。
毕业论文关键词:语言经济原则;英语语音;应用;影响

Contents

1. Introduction.1

2. Literature Review 1

3. Applications of Language Economy Principle in English Phonetics. 3

3.1 Incomplete Plosion. 3

3.2 Elision 4

3.3Weak Forms 4

3.4 Liaison5

3.5 Assimilation 5

4. Effects of Language Economy Principle in English Phonetics..6

4.1 Good Effects on Native Speakers6

4.2 Side Effects on Second Language Learners..7

5. Some Solutions to Side Effects 8

5.1 Imitating9

5.2 Having Dictations Often..9

5.3 Creating Situations.. 10

5.4 Eliminating Negative Psychological Factors. 11

6. Conclusion. 12

Works Cited13
1. IntroductionLanguage, as the most important tool of human communication, is to serve thesociety and will undergo many great changes as the society develops. The contemporaryscience and technology are developing at a furious speed, quickening the pace of daily life.Besides, “maximization of economic benefit”, the primary target of this highly competitiveworld, prompts people to ceaselessly pursue efficiency during interacting activities. Underthis background, the simplification of expressing manners, namely, “brevity”, is an obvioustendency in many kinds of languages’ developments. Language economy principle, whichis the root cause of this change, requires users to avoid monotonous repetitions and useclear and concise expressions to gain information as much as possible. Considerableresearches have been contributed to the applications of this principle in Englishmorphology and syntax, but there are relatively few investigations on how this principleapplies to English phonetics. So, this paper aims to explore the elliptical regulationsexisting in English phonetics. Some phonetic rules such as incomplete plosion, elision,weak forms, liaison and assimilation, which occur frequently when someone speaks veryquickly, are reflections of language economy principle in phonetics.
Those rules providemuch convenience for the addressers to convey their opinions, but second languagelearners have suffered a lot from the listening and speaking problems aroused by them.Thus, it is also very necessary to propose some effective solutions to the side effects, whichare expected to enhance the aural-oral abilities of second language learners.2. Literature ReviewThe economy principle, also called the principle of least effort, is a wide theory thatcontains a lot of fields from evolutionary biology to webpage design, and languageeconomy principle is just one aspect of it.This principle was first noted by an American scholar, George Kingsley Zipf, whogave us a good explanation of this theory. From Zipf’s opinion, the application of the least effort principle in linguistics includes two sides, that is, “the principle of the speakers’economy” and “the principle of the hearers’ economy”. The addressers tend to use the leastwords to completely convey their meanings, so that they need not learn any more words.While the addressees prefer that every word only has one meaning, so they do not have toguess the meaning of a polysemous word according to certain situations. 语言经济原则在英语语音中的运用及影响:http://www.lwfree.com/yingyu/lunwen_64670.html

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