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青少年肥胖的成因及研究

时间:2020-01-12 22:43来源:毕业论文
遗传因素、饮食习惯、体育锻炼等等。借助此研究结论,也可为我国其他市区的青少年肥胖问题提供参考和借鉴,对进一步如何改善青少年体质状况、控制青少年肥胖率等问题

摘要随着生活水平的不断提高,青少年的饮食结构也呈现出多样化的特点,电子产品的使用也越来越低龄化,青少年从事体力活动的强度与时间也在大幅下降。在这些因素的作用下,青少年肥胖率一直居高不下。杭州作为中国省会城市中较为发达的城市之一,经济的前进发展反而造成青少年身体状况的下降,青少年肥胖问题变得日益严峻。本论文通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法、数理统计法对杭州市江干区中小学生肥胖的现象进行调查和研究,以江干区的六所中小学(初中、小学各三所)8到14岁的学生为调查对象。了解他们的日常饮食习惯、参与体育运动的频率、依赖电子产品的程度、以及从事日常体力活动的情况。通过调查和分析,杭州市江干区青少年肥胖的成因主要有:遗传因素、饮食习惯、体育锻炼等等。借助此研究结论,也可为我国其他市区的青少年肥胖问题提供参考和借鉴,对进一步如何改善青少年体质状况、控制青少年肥胖率等问题。积极引导广大青少年进行体育参与、多进行户外阳光运动、改变原有的不健康的生活习惯等具有较大的现实意义。43949

毕业论文关键词:青少年肥胖; 江干区; 体育运动; 肥胖成因

Abstract

With the improvement of living standard, teenagers’ diet structures have showed various features, and the teenagers who use electronic products tend to younger. The frequency and intensity of teenagers’  taking part in physical activities become more and more smaller. All these adverse factors contribute to the high obesity-rate in teenagers. The economic development of Hangzhou , which is one of the most developed cities among Chinese provincial capitals, should result in the decline of teenagers’ physical condition. The problem of teenagers obesity has arisen increasingly attention from different fields. This thesis investigates and researches on obesity issue of middle and primary schools’ students in Jianggan district, Hangzhou city by using of the several kinds of methods such as documents, interviews, questionnaires, mathematical statistics and so on. The targets of this Investigation are the students who range from 8 to 14 yeas old from six middle and primary school in Jianggan district . This investigation aims to obtain these students’ daily diet habits,  frequency of participating in sports, the time spend in electronic products, and their basic situation of taking part in physical activities. The results show that the factors that contribute to the obesity of teenagers in Jianggan district include gene, diet habits, physical exercise and so on.  The research results of this investigation can be the lesson to other cities for solving the teenagers obesity problems. In others words, this thesis has practical significance and reference value in the problems of how to further improve teenagers’ physical conditions, control obesity-rate in teenagers, courage more teenagers to take part in physical exercises, change unhealthy life habits and so on. 

Key words: teenagers’ obesity; jianggan district; physical exercise; reasons of  obesity

目    录

1引言 1

2研究对象与方法 1

2.1 研究对象1

2.2研究方法1

2.2.1文献资料法1

2.2.2问卷调查法1

2.2.3访谈法1

2.2.4数理统计法1  

3 结果与分析 1

3.1江干区中小学生肥胖问题的现状2

3.2江干区中小学生的日常饮食情况分析 2

3.2.1江干区中小学生早餐饮食情况分析 2

3.2.2江干区肥胖中小学生吃零食情况分析 2

3.2.3江干区肥胖中小学生运动情况分析 3

3.3江干区中小学生肥胖的原因分析 3

3.3.1家庭因素与中学生肥胖的成因的关系3 青少年肥胖的成因及研究:http://www.lwfree.com/yixue/lunwen_45059.html

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