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小学作文阶段训练研究

时间:2019-11-29 19:05来源:毕业论文
以“新课标”中写作总目标和子目标为指向,针对小学各学段学生身心发展、认知结构平等特点,以教材为核心,以自身教学实践经验为补充,结合相关理论成果,初步设计了一套操作

摘要小学语文教育是语文学科教育的基础,而小学作文教学更是占了小学语文教育的半壁江山,其重要性不言而喻。在“新课标”的指引下,本研究通过观察法和访谈法法,总结了目前小学阶段作文教学存在的学生写作个性的缺失;作文训练中存在误区;作文评价标准过高的现象。追溯其原因,主要集中于作文教学无序性上,即作文教材编排无序,作文训练无序。 继而运用文献分析法,对我国古代和当代作文教学中具有代表性的作文训练序列的研究成果进行了梳理,并从教育心理学的构建主义论证序列训练的价值。  最后,运用案例分析法,以“新课标”中写作总目标和子目标为指向,针对小学各学段学生身心发展、认知结构平等特点,以教材为核心,以自身教学实践经验为补充,结合相关理论成果,初步设计了一套操作简单,符合实际需求的小学作文阶段训练序列的具体方案,以期通过合理、有序、科学的梯度训练,整体提高学生作文水平。  42224
毕业论文关键词:小学;作文;阶段;训练序列   
The Study on Sequence in Training Stages of Composition in Primary School 
Abstract  The education of Chinese is based on Chinese teaching in primary school while it goes without saying that primary school’s composition Teaching plays a very important role in primary language teaching. Under the guidance of new course standard the study sums up three phenomena existing in current composition teaching at the elementary level with methods of observation and interview: lack of writing personality, error in composition training, the high standard of composition evaluation. Tracing its cause, it mainly focuses on the disorder of composition teaching that is arrangement of composition textbook out of order and composition training randomness.   And then with the method of literature analysis, the paper lists research results of composition training sequence which have representativeness in ancient and modern composition teaching and demonstrates the value of sequence training from the perspective of Educational Psychology.   At last, under the guidance of writing general goals and objectives, applying of case analysis method, according to  characteristics of the physical and mental development of students in primary schools and cognitive structure , relying on textbook, combining with their own teaching practice and related theory. The study designs a preliminary and specific scheme which is simple and feasible and accords with composition training sequence at elementary level in need aiming to establish scientific, orderly and reasonable gradient in the composition training and then improve students'  overall writing level.       
Key words:  primary school    composition   level    training sequence     

目录

摘要.I

AbstractII

目录III

绪论1

一、研究缘起.1

二、概念阐述.2

三、研究目的和意义.2

四、研究方法.3

五、文献综述.4

第一章小学作文教学现状及归因分析.6

第一节小学作文教学现状..6

一、写作个性缺失..6

二、作文训练存在误区7

三、作文评价标准过高7

第二节归因分析8

一、作文教材安排无序8

二、作文训练无序10

本章小结..11

第二章建构小学作文训练序列可行性分析12

第一节我国古代传统蒙学作文训练序列探索.12

一、古代传统蒙学“先放后收”作文训练序列..12

二、古代传统蒙学作文训练教材特点.13

第二节现代关于作文训练序列的探索14 小学作文阶段训练研究:http://www.lwfree.com/jiaoxue/lunwen_42589.html

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