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建设单位工程造价管理研究

时间:2021-01-12 21:38来源:毕业论文
从全过程工程造价管理的角度深入研究分析,最后针对不同的阶段找出合适的对策和措施,以保证建设单位的投资造价得到有效控制,达到经济效益最大化

摘要:随着我国市场经济体制的不断完善,房地产业成为了我国国民经济的支柱产业。我国的工程建设项目投资金额很大,建设项目数目日益增多,对于房地产项目而言,工程项目的投资造价是需要重点关注的部分。建设单位是整个工程的投资者,是建设项目的主体、决策者和组织者,能否有效的对工程造价进行控制和管理,发挥项目最大的经济效益是建设单位的主要目标。因此,工程造价管理是建设项目资源达到最优化的关键因素,是建设单位投资成本控制的的核心。但是在我国社会迅速发展的背后,存在着巨大的资金浪费的行为。例如概算超过估算、预算超过概算以及结算超过预算的“三超”现象,严重影响着建设单位经济效益水平。因此本论文通过研究建设单位的工程造价管理现状与存在的问题,研究得出工程造价管理措施。62097

本论文首先介绍了建设单位工程造价管理的研究背景和研究意义,阐述了建设单位的工程造价管理是建设项目的关键组成部分,是保证投资效益最大化的重要因素。通过国内外工程造价管理现状的对比,发现我国现阶段的建设单位工程造价管理虽有点小成就,但还是存在一些问题。因此在了解了建设单位工程造价管理的基本理论之后,得出了全过程工程造价管理的重要性,在此之后,我分别从投资决策、项目设计、项目招投标、工程施工、竣工结算五个阶段了解发现我国建设单位工程造价管理的不足之处,并从全过程工程造价管理的角度深入研究分析,最后针对不同的阶段找出合适的对策和措施,以保证建设单位的投资造价得到有效控制,达到经济效益最大化。

毕业论文关键词:建设单位;建设工程项目;全过程工程造价管理;投资成本控制

Construction Project Cost Management Research Unit

Abstract:With China's market economy continues to improve, the real estate industry has become a pillar industry of the national economy. Our construction project investment is large, increasing the number of construction projects for real estate projects, the investment cost of the project is the need to focus part. Construction unit is the investor of the whole project, is the main construction projects, policy-makers and organizers, can effectively project cost control and management, to maximize the economic benefits of the project is the main goal of building units. Therefore, the project cost management is the key factor in building projects to optimize resources is the core of the construction unit of investment cost control. But behind the rapid development of our society, there is a huge waste of money behavior. For example, estimates more than estimates, budget over budget estimates and the settlement over the "three super" phenomenon seriously affected the level of economic construction unit. Therefore, the project cost management status of the research paper by construction units and problems, research results of project cost management measures.

This paper introduces the research background and significance of the construction unit project cost management, project cost management describes the construction unit is a key part of the construction project is to ensure maximum investment returns of important factors. By comparing the present situation of domestic and project cost management, project cost management found that the construction unit of the achievements of this stage, although a bit small, but still there are some problems. Therefore, to understand the basic theory of the construction project cost management unit after the draw the importance of the whole process of project cost management, after that, I respectively, from investment decisions, project design, project bidding, construction, completion settlement five stage consultation found deficiencies of the construction unit project cost management, and the whole process from the perspective of project cost management depth research and analysis, and finally find the right policies and measures for the different stages to ensure that the investment cost of the construction unit has been effectively controlled to achieve maximum economic efficiency. 建设单位工程造价管理研究:http://www.lwfree.com/guanli/lunwen_68179.html

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